Context and objectives
Organized within the framework of a partnership with UNDP in support of strengthening South-South cooperation, the National Observatory for Human Development received, from 22 to 26 July 2019, a high-level Senegalese delegation led by Mr. Mor Ndiaye Mbaye, Director of the Cabinet of the Minister of Digital Economy and Telecommunications and Ms. Amata Diabaté, Resident Representative of UNDP Senegal and composed of Directors General responsible for Land Use Planning and Economic Policies and technical advisers interested in territorial development issues.
Through this study tour, the Senegalese delegation learned about Morocco's good practices through the Al Bacharia information system, developed by ONDH. On the sidelines of this visit, the delegation also exchanged on the challenges of digital administration with several Moroccan administrations and officials including the academic field.
Results of the exchanges
The objective of the first working meeting was to present the experience of the ONDH in the implementation of the "Al Bacharia" information system, with a particular focus on its territorial component. A reminder of the context in which the ONDH was created as well as its attributions in terms of monitoring-evaluation of public policies for human development were presented to the members of the delegation. They were given an exhaustive presentation retracing the highlights of the process of setting up the SIT, the approach adopted, its evolution through its adaptation to the new territorial division and its generalization to the entire national territory.
The debate then made it possible to initiate a more in-depth discussion on the functionalities and maturity of the SIT, which today constitutes a planning and decision-making tool at the territorial level by providing local actors with a set of indicators enabling them to establish territorial profiles of human development and to exchange on the main challenges and obstacles encountered during the implementation process, the results achieved and the lessons learned.
The second meeting held with officials from the Ministry of National Land Management, Urban Planning, Housing and Urban Policy provided an overview of the structure of the Ministry, its Strategic Plan 2017-2021 and the missions of the National Observatory of Territorial Dynamics.
The third meeting organized at the Faculty of Legal, Economic and Social Sciences of Meknes, on July 23, 2019, was devoted to the presentation of the study on the profile of human development in the Region of Fez-Meknes, conducted jointly with the ONDH. An opportunity for the Senegalese delegation to appreciate the richness of the information system "Al Bacharia" in terms of statistical data in order to understand the territorial disparities in terms of access of populations to basic services and infrastructure including education and health among others.
On July 24, 2019, a meeting under the chairmanship of Mr. Wali, National Coordinator of the INDH took place. This meeting was an opportunity to present the Information System of the INDH as well as the mechanism put in place for the monitoring-evaluation of the third phase of this Reigning Construction Site and more specifically the program relating to pre-school education and maternal and child health.
Among the areas of exchange targeted by the Senegalese delegation for this study tour is that relating to the digitalization and dematerialization of public administration. To this end, a meeting was held on July 25, 2019, under the chairmanship of the Secretary General of the Ministry of Reform of Administration and Public Service. It allowed on the one hand to present Morocco's achievements in terms of dematerialization of public administration and the portals used by citizens in this direction. And on the other hand, to learn from the Senegalese experience in this area.
On July 26, 2019 was held, under the chairmanship of the Secretary General of the ONDH, Mr. El Hassan El Mansouri, the meeting of restitution of the conclusions of the mission to explore avenues of collaboration between Morocco and Senegal in the field of information systems. The members of the delegation expressed their satisfaction with the conduct of this mission, which provided them with knowledge in the context of their national project to make digital governance of territories a strategic planning tool. For his part, Mr. El Hassan El Mansouri affirmed the willingness to consolidate this cooperation in order to meet common challenges and reiterated, at the same time, the importance of involving universities, which constitute "neutral" spaces for evaluation at the territorial level.
At the end of the meeting, the ONDH, UNDP Morocco and UNDP Senegal, in the presence of the MAEC, agreed on the establishment of a sustainable partnership through the development of a framework and specific agreement with a view to optimizing their collaboration in the area of information systems and to promote mutual learning and sharing of experiences of both countries through the establishment of a framework for South-South cooperation. As a first activity, it was thus decided to organize a study trip to Senegal for the benefit of a Moroccan delegation during the month of November.